Cancer& Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cell transplants, including peripheral blood, bone marrow, and cord blood transplants, are used to treat cancer. Stem cell transplants are most often used for cancers affecting the blood or immune system, such as leukemia, lymphoma, or multiple myeloma. Here we will give an idea why a person might need a stem cell transplant, what stem cells do, and what a transplant is like for most people. We’ll also discuss some of the issues that happen with transplants, and what it’s like to donate stem cells. Stem cells are immature blood cells found in the bone marrow and blood. Even though they start out the same, these stem cells can mature into all types of blood cells. People with certain types of cancer can sometimes be relieved by a stem cell transplant to treat or even cure the cancer.
Types of Stem Cell Transplants for Cancer Treatment:
In a typical stem cell transplant, very high doses of chemo are used, sometimes along with radiation therapy, to kill all the cancer cells. This treatment also kills the stem cells in the bone marrow. Soon after treatment, stem cells are given to replace those that were destroyed. These stem cells are given through a vein, like a blood transfusion. As the time progresses, they settle in the bone marrow, begin to grow and start making healthy blood cells. This process is called engraftment.
There are 2 main types of transplants:
They are named based on who gives the stem cells.